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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

TORRES MOLINA, Alexander; URRUTIA MORA, Osvaldo  y  LOFORTE FUENTES, Lisandra. Adenoid Tonsillar Hypertrophy and Maxillofacial Alterations in Children with Sleep-Related Respiratory Disorders. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.2, pp.357-369. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: the association between the adenoid hypertrophy, tonsillar hypertrophy maxillofacial alterations and the teeth occlusion, have been widely documented by several authors in children with sleep-disordered breathing. For most of them there is a vicious cycle established, where the adenoid-tonsillar hypertrophy constitutes the main item for the rest of the visceral-cranial alterations and the teeth occlusion. Objective: to characterize the snoring scholars of Moa according to the degree of the adenoidal-tonsillar hyperplasia, kina of teeth occlusion and severity of the maxillofacial alterations. Methods: a cross- sectional study from January to July 2012 was done. The sample comprised 797 children for sleep-disordered breathing. Store the Brouillette, Weir scale, Fujioka index, Angle classification, and Guilleminault punctuation were the variables used. Results: 34.51% of patients were diagnosed with adenoid tonsillar hyperplasia, 61.76% of the secondary symptomatic snorers to adenoid hyperplasia showed a volume increase of grade III and the 56.52% of the secondary to tonsillar hyperplasia showed a size increase of grade IV. The type II teeth occlusion was showed in 38.33% of the symptomatic snorers, while the 12.50% showed severe alterations of the maxillofacial development. Conclusions: most of the scholars in the city of Moa suffer from the structures forming the ring lymphoid of Waldeyer, mainly adenoid tonsillar hyperplasia. The symptomatic snoring children expressed greater grade of adenoid hyperplasia, tonsillar or adenoid tonsillar hyperplasia, as well as more severe alterations of the maxillofacial development.

Palabras clave : snoring children; adenoid tonsillar hypertrophy; maxillofacial alterations.

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