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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

ESCALONA BALLESTER, Yurisván  y  HERNANDEZ SANAME, Roberto. Enteroparasitism and Hygiene in Children and Environmental Sanitation of the El Ramón de Antilla Community. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.2, pp.370-382. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: enteroparasitosis are widely distributed and its prevalence is high in regions with low environmental sanitation conditions. Objetive: to determine the prevalence of enteroparasitism and associated factors in children. Method: an observational cross-sectional study in children between 0 to 14 years, living in the communities Ramon of Antilla municipality. Voluntary and non-probability sampling was used, 63 children were included. At least two fecal samples were taken to which two different tests were applied, first one directly and the other one for concentration: Ziehl-Neelsen modified and wilis method. In order to collect socio-demographic and epidemiological interest data, a survey was done. The results of the survey were compared through a process of observation at 50.0 % of the minors´ homes. Proportions and ratios were calculated for qualitative variables, χ2 and Fischer Exact Test (considering a value of p ≤ 0.05 as statistically significant) was used for quantitative measures of the main trend and the relation between variables. Results: 84.1% of the minors were infected, predominantly by protozoa 79.3%. Over 50.0% of those samples were considered as multiple parasitisms; the predominant parasites were Entamoeba histolytica (39.7%) and the guest was Endolimax nana (25.4%). Statistically significant association was observed between parasitism, abdominal pain (test χ2, p≤0.05) and non-deworming of domestic animals (test Fisher, p ≤0.05). Conclusions: the prevalence of intestinal parasitism was high, as well as the risk factors associated with this.

Palabras clave : parasitic diseases; epidemiology; prevalence; children.

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