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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

SANTANA HERNANDEZ, Elayne Esther et al. Community Strategy of Primary Prevention and Early Diagnosis of Usher Syndrome in Holguin Province. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.2, pp.424-433. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: Usher syndrome is a genetically determined disease with great clinical and genetic heterogeneity. It is characterized by sensorineural hearing loss from mild to severe, progressive retinitis pigmentosa and may be accompanied by alterations in the vestibular function. Because of its high prevalence in Holguin and significant visual and hearing impairment, a preventive and diagnostic tool is necessary. Objective: propose a Community strategy for primary prevention in these families and early diagnosis of this genetic condition. Characterize all clinically affected and describe the evolutionary characteristics. Method: a series of cases descriptive study was carried out in 53 patients with a clinical diagnosis of Usher Syndrome, who are treated at the Provincial Center for Pigmentary Retinosis of Holguín province from February 2009 to December 2015. Clinical records, collecting in an instrument designed for the study all the data of interest that allowed to characterize the universe of study and to determine the variables susceptible of analysis. Results: clinical characterization of 100% of the patients studied was achieved. 80% had retinitis pigmentosa in early childhood. Of them, 33 affected patients are involved in consanguineous families for 62.26%, there were 17 consanguineous families for 44.73% and outbred 21 for a 55.26%. Conclusions: this community strategy that will help in primary care to undertake primary prevention in families of patients and early diagnosis allowing those affected to provide appropriate genetic counseling to these families is proposed.

Palabras clave : Usher syndrome; retinitis pigmentosa and hearing loss; deafness and vestibular disorders; blindness; visual and hearing disabilities.

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