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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

SEGURA MARTINEZ, Narlinda et al. Prevalence of Crossbite in Patients of Artemio Mastrapa Dental Clinic. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.2, pp.468-478. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: occlusion anomalies do not constitute a specific disease but they are consecutive to irregularities of the soft tissue, maxilar bones, teeth and the temporomandibular joints. The early treatment avoids serious consequences in the health of the oral apparatus. Objective: determine the prevalence of the crossbites in our patient according to sex, etiology, type and location. Method: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed during the period of January and May of 2015. The universe was constituted by 715 patients with ages between 7 and 11 years old of one or other sex coming from Artemio Mastrapa Dental Clinic in Holguín city. The sample was constituted by 141 carrying patients of crossbite, mixed teething and without loss of permanent teeth like inclusion criterion. Anamnesis, clinical examination and functional analysis were used. Results: the prevalence of crossbite was of 19.72%, female sex was affected in a 19.95%. The main causes of the alteration were the deforming buccal habits, persistence of temporary teeth and the traumatisms, single type predominated in both sectors, according location the posterior crossbite was the most frecuent (68.7%). Conclusions: crossbites continue being very frequent anomalies in the infantile population that assist to orthodontics consultation, without significant sex differences, single posterior crossbite was more frecuent; local factors were associate to etiology reason why it is necessary to continue developing activities directed to its prevention and early treatment.

Palabras clave : crossbite; prevention; malocclusion.

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