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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

BATISTA SANCHEZ, Tamara et al. Odontogenic Facial Cellulitis in Patients from Lenin Hospital of Holguín. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.2, pp.501-510. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: odontogenic cellulitis is an undefined inflammation of the subcutaneous cell tissue that spreads over the spaces between the cell tissue in addition to an anatomic region because of the infection of one or several teeth or of correlated conditions of the dental and support tissues. It is one of the most frequent infections and the most serious urgency that can be presented in stomatological practice. Objective: to characterize the odontogenic facial cellulitis incidence in the patients attended at Vladímir Ilich Lenin Hospital, Holguín. Method: a descriptive study of series of cases was performed during the years 2014 and 2015. The universe was composed of 54 patients with odontogenic facial cellulitis. The sample comprised 51 patients. The studied variables were: sex, age bracket, etiology, dental group, anatomic regions and clinical classification. Results: the male sex was the most frequently affected and the age group between 35-59 representing 62.75% and 60.78% respectively. The main etiology was the dental cavity with 68.63%. The dental group of the inferior molars was the most affected one (41.18%). The region submandibular was the most affected one in 25.49% of patients. The moderate cellulitis turned out to be the most frequent, representing 74.51%. Conclusions: the etiology of infection was varied just like the anatomic affected regions.

Palabras clave : facial cellulitis; odontogenic infections.

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