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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

EXPOSITO FONT, Dorys Gretell et al. Salivary Gland Tumors Prevalence at Vladimir Ilich Lenin Teaching Hospital. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.2, pp.511-525. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: malignant neoplasms of salivary glands make up 3% to 5% of all head and neck cancers. The incidence of the benign occurs between the fourth and sixth decade of life. Fine needle aspiration cytology is a reliable, sensitive, minimally invasive, and cost-effective technique in the diagnosis of these lesions. Objective: to describe the behavior of salivary gland tumors. Method: a descriptive, observational study was carried out on a series of cases. Thirty-four patients with biopsy results with fine needle aspiration and surgical biopsy were studied at the Maxillofacial Surgery Consultation of Vladimir Ilich Lenin Provincial Hospital in Holguin from January 2014 to June 2016. The interview and physical examination were used and were recorded on a spreadsheet, where the variables were collected. Results: the pleomorphic adenoma was found in 58.82% of the cases and the parotid gland was 85.29%. The male sex represented 61.76%. The age group of 46-60 years accounted for 44.11%. We found a sensitivity of 83.33%, specificity of 89.28%, positive predictive value 62.5%, negative predictive value 96.15% and efficacy of 88.23%. Conclusions: pleomorphic adenoma was the most frequent tumor. Tumors predominated in males, between 46 and 60 years of age and in the parotid gland. Good sensitivity, moderate specificity, good efficacy, low positive predictive value and high negative predictive value were found.

Palabras clave : neoplasms of the salivary glands; biopsy with fine needle; parotid gland.

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