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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

ROJAS BRUZON, Raquel et al. Surgical Treatment in Pilonidal Fistulas in Follicular Occlusion Syndrome. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.3, pp.706-719. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: follicular occlusive syndrome includes inverse acne, acne conglobata and pilonidal fistula (triad); when it is associated to the dissecting folliculitis of the scalp then it constitutes the tetrad of follicular occlusion. Reverse acne is a suppurative, chronic and invalidating disease. Its clinical features are the presence of comedones with multiple openings that link two or more follicles, abscesses with epithelial communications, and draining sinuses in regions with apocrine glands. The genesis of these affections is basically genetic with dermatological expression. Objective: to describe physically and histopathologically the patients with follicular occlusion syndrome, as well as the results of surgical treatment of pilonidal fistula in this disorder. Method: the study is on the prevalence of pilonidal fistula in follicular occlusion syndrome in 37 patients with follicular occlusion syndrome. The local excision of the pilonidal and perianal fistulas was performed, this exeresis extended by the subcutaneous cellular tissue until the facia. The area was then repaired with a skin-free graft. Results: four patients had the pilonidal fistula, with long periods of evolution, who were treated with autograft of skin. Hyperkeratosis, as well as, perifolliculitis were the most relevant histopathological changes. Conclusion: the pilonidal fistula is difficult for follicular occlusion syndrome management and only the surgical treatment is the most suitable .

Palabras clave : acne inverse; acne conglobata; pilonidal fistula.

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