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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

ZALDIVAR PUPO, Olga Lilia et al. Behavior of the Early Detection Program of Oral Cancer at Artemio Mastrapa Clinic. Holguín, 2015. ccm [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.3, pp.786-797. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: the program of the detection the oral cancer (DPOC), demands for oral, chains and ganglionic groups of head and neck, to every patient that is attended at primary health care, and in case of detecting any alteration the patient should be referred to the specialist. Objective: to describe the prevalence of the program of the detection the oral cancer (DPOC), at Artemio Mastrapa Dental Clinic. Methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional study, from January to December 2015 at Artemio Mastrapa Dental Clinic, Holguín was carried out. The universe comprised 46 patients referred for the oral cancer detection program in 2015.  Data were collected in clinical history. Results: the age group from 19 to 59 was the most affected one with 58.6% as well as the male sex (56.5%). The leukoplakia was the most frequent lesion with 39.1%. The most frequent lesions were in the lower lips with 25.6%. The prevalent risk factor was cigarette smoking with 26.0%. Conclusions: leukoplakia was the most frequent lesion referred by DPOC. Adults and male sex was most affected by the lesion. Smoking habit was the main risk factor and the most common site to developed lesions was the lower lip.

Palabras clave : DPOC; early detection; lesions; localizations; risk factors; oral cancer.

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