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Revista Cubana de Endocrinología

versión On-line ISSN 1561-2953

Resumen

SALAMA BENARROCH, Isaac  y  SANCHEZ, Gustavo Adolfo. Risk factors and chronic complications in the newly diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Rev Cubana Endocrinol [online]. 2001, vol.12, n.2. ISSN 1561-2953.

The frequency of chronic complications in patients with type 2 diabetes at the time of diagnosis was screened and their association with risk factors such as cardiovascular disease, blood hypertension, obesity, dislipidemia and related biochemical factors were evaluated. During three months, 24 cases aged 30-70 years were studied by the Diabetology and Nutrition Service, Cardiology and Retina Services of "Dr Pedro Lagleyze" Municipal Ophthalmology Hospital in Buenos Aires. Metabolic, peripheral vascular and neurologic profiles, microalbuminuria, fundus oculi, blood pressure and obesity were studied. It was proved that average age was 50 years. Findings: neuropathy, 5 (25 %); nephropathy, 3(12.5 %); retinopathy, 6(25 %);cardiopathy and peripheral vascular disease,13(54 %); blood hypertension,13(54 %); obesity,3(12.5 %); hypercholesterolemia, 14(58 %); high LDLc, 12(50 %);low HDLc, 10(41.6 %); high blood viscosity, 6(25%);high glycosylated hemoglobin, 18(75%); hypertriglyceridemia, 7(29.7%). It was found that all the patients had risk factors linked to diabetes. It was deemed necessary to promote public education on diabetes, screen associated factors, and aggressively and precociously treat hyperglycemia and added biochemical factors

Palabras clave : DIABETES MELLITUS; NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT [com-plications]; RISK FACTORS; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; VASCULAR DISEASES; HEART DISEASES; HYPERTENSION.

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