Revista Cubana de Endocrinología
On-line version ISSN 1561-2953
DIAZ DIAZ, Oscar; VALENCIAGA RODRIGUEZ, José Luis and DOMINGUEZ ALONSO, Enma. Clinical Characteristics of diabetes mellitus type 2 in the municipality of Guines in the year 2002. Rev Cubana Endocrinol [online]. 2003, vol.14, n.1, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-2953.
Retrospective descriptive cross-sectional research study was made to identify the clinical characteristics of diabetes mellitus type 2 in the municipality of Güines, Habana province, in the year 2002. The universe of study was made up of 3 017 type 2 diabetics, who had been registered in this municipality in 2001, whereas the sample was composed by 328 cases selected from a complex sampling process (stratified in the first stage and by conglomerates in the second phase). Results were statistically processed (Program SPSS, version 10). Mean age was 65,2 tears. Excessive malnutrition was found 221 individuals (67,4%), 111 were reported hypertensive but only 32 (28,8%) were under control. The sudden taking of blood pressure during the research detected normal rates in only 45 patients (49,5%). Of 217 diabetics who were not classified as hypertensive, 63(29,1%) showed raised blood pressure rates. The most frequent chronic complications were peripheral polyneuropathy, ischemic cardiopathy and diabetic retinopathy in 85 (25,9 %), 79 (24,1 %) and 78 (23,8 %) patients respectively. Glucemia control was good or acceptable in 53 % of the sample(175 surveyed). There was a high frequency of type 2 diabetics with no glucemic control among the evaluated cases and also incomplete registration as to chronic complications and blood hypertension in the information obtained from outpatient medical histories.
Keywords : DIABETES MELLITUS NON INSULIN DEPENDENT [diet therapy]; INSULIN [therapeutic use]; HYPOGLICEMIC AGENTS [therapeutic use.].