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Revista Cubana de Endocrinología

versión On-line ISSN 1561-2953

Resumen

DUENAS HERRERA, Alfredo et al. Total cardiovascular risk in workers of Meliá Cohíba Hotel. Rev Cubana Endocrinol [online]. 2008, vol.19, n.1. ISSN 1561-2953.

BACKGROUND: ischemic heart disease is one of the first causes of death in the world. To assess the quantitative risk of suffering from it, risk tables have been created and Framingham's cardiovascular risk table has been one of the most used so far. In Cuba, a few studies on the assessment of total cardiovascular risk have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: to determine the total cardiovascular risk level in a population of workers. METHODS: a pilot descriptive study was carried out among 301 workers of "Meliá Cohiba" Hotel. The variables used were arterial hypertension and the corresponding to Framingham's risk tables (demographic, smoking habit, systolic arterial pressure, diabetes, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and left ventricular hypertrophy). The total cardiovascular risk of each worker was calculated. The relative frequencies in percent, calculated by the SPSS program, version 13.0, and the risk qualifier to obtain the score in every individual, were used as outcome measures. The results were showed in tables for their analysis and discussion. RESULTS: the risk for suffering from a cardiovascular disease in the next 10 years was higher in males, and it increased proportionally with age. Cardiovascular risk was considered low in 80.4 % of the total, and it was lower in females. Dyslipidemia was the most common cardiovascular risk in this population, followed by smoking habit (43.2) and arterial hypertension (15 %). CONCLUSIONS: the low level of global cardiovascular risk could be determined by the age of the studied population. The prevailing risk factors in the analysed cases were dyslipidemia, smoking habit and arterial hypertension.

Palabras clave : Risk factors; cardiovascular factor; hypertension; lipids.

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