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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3003

Resumen

LUJAN HERNANDEZ, Marta  y  FABREGAT RODRIGUEZ, Gloria. Mortalidad infantil por malformaciones congénitas. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2001, vol.39, n.1, pp.21-25. ISSN 1561-3003.

SUMMARY A descriptive and retrospective study of the total of deaths ocurred among children under 1 in the province of Cienfuegos from 1989 to 1998 was conducted. The primary data were taken from the registry of deaths of the Statistics Department of the Provincial Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology, taking into account the following variables: birth weight, municipality, type of malformation, age on dying, causes of death and address. To this end, a spatial distribuion was made by using the MAPINFO 4.1 program, based on the specific rates by settlement. It was also applied a distribution index by which we obtained those settlements with higher mortality rate from abnormalities in children under 1. As regards total mortality, the analysis was made by using the EPINFO program. It was found that the trend of deaths was descending and represented only 30% of the total of deaths from all causes. The highest affectation was observed in 3 municipalities, where there were 21 settlements with rates fluctuating from 6.99 to 9.99.

Palabras clave : ABNORMALITIES [mortality]; ; INFANT MORTALITY; MORTALITY RATE; EPIDEMIOLOGY, DESCRIPTIVE; RETROSPECTIVE STUDIES; CHROMOSOME ABNORMALITIES [mortality].

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