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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3003

Resumen

DICKINSON MENESES, Félix Orlando  y  PEREZ RODRIGUEZ, Antonio Esteban. Meningoencefalitis bacterianas en Cuba. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2001, vol.39, n.2, pp.86-94. ISSN 1561-3003.

Some epidemiological aspects of bacterial meningoencephalitis (BME) in Cuba from 1993 to 1998 were described according to the data available in the Registry of Diseases of Compulsory Declaration of the Ministry of Public Health. 8 348 cases were reported all over the country in this period with an annual average of 1 391. BME occurred mostly in children under 5 (40.8 %). The most frequently identified agents were H. Influenzae (9 %) and S. pneumoniae (7 %). The non-identified agents accounted for 75 % of all BME with the highest annual incidence (12.3 cases per l00 000 inhabitants). For H. Influenzae and S. pneumoniae the incidence ranged between 0.2 and 1.5 per 100 000 inhabitants with a trend to increase. It was concluded that the main causal agents of BME were H. Influenzae and S. pneumoniae, specially in children under 5, and that there is still a high number of agents that have not been identified. Future studies will allow to go deep into the epidemiology of these infections.

Palabras clave : MENINGOENCEPHALITIS [epidemiology]; MENINGOENCEPHALITIS [immunology]; POPULATION SURVEILLANCE; BACTERIAL VACCINES [herapeutic use]; STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE [immunology]; MENINGITIS HAEMOPHILUS [immunology].

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