Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3003
MIRANDA GOMEZ, Osvaldo et al. Panorama of HIV-infection in Cuba, 1986-2007. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2009, vol.47, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3003.
Introduction: HIV-AIDs infection is a public health problem due to increasing number of cases in the world. It is estimated that almost 42 millions of people are living with HIV. Methods: A study was conducted including all the diagnosis from Cuban people HIV infected from 1986 to 2007. Information was from HIV-AIDS database of Public Health Ministry. Incidence rates were estimated and the arithmetic mean and percentage were used. In analysis of series trend we used the relative change and the semi-average method. Results: Incidence rate of HIV-positive people shows a rising trend increasing a 90.70 % related to series extreme years. The higher figure of HIV-positive people diagnosed is from the contact groups representing the 26.47 % of total. Relation of positive men with HIV regarding the seropositive women is a diagnosed woman by each 4 men. Most of people diagnosed like positive to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are homo-bisexual people (6 277 seropositive for a 67.79 %). From these, the 99.98 % are of male sex. Age group with more HIV-infected people is from 20-24 years for a accumulation of 1 546 infected. Final considerations: Diagnosis incidence of HIV-positive people has a rising trend at the expense of the homo-bisexual men. Age group with a higher incidence is from 20 to 24 years.
Palabras llave : Human immunodeficiency virus infection; incidence; seropositive; HIV-positive.