Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología
version ISSN 1561-3003
TERROBA CHAMBI, Cinthia Jennifer; DAVILA GOMEZ, Heenry Luís and ROBLES MARTINEZ-PINILLO, Julio A. Coronary risk factors in a population aged over 15 from the "LA Demajagua" Popular Council, Isla de la Juventud municipality. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2011, vol.49, n.3, pp. 346-355. ISSN 1561-3003.
The cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main causes of death in mean and advanced age patients in most of developed countries and in many developing ones; from them the more frequent is the coronary disease (CD). A case/control study was conducted in 2008 to identify the causal relation of some of ischemic heart disease risk variables in a population aged over 15 from the "La Demajagua" Popular Council of Isla de la Juventud province, Cuba. Sample included 80 patients; from them 40 cases with a ratio of 1:1 by age and sex. It was determined that the female sex, age from 51 to 59 years, the history of smoking, the high blood pressure or the dyslipidemias were the more significant risk factors in appearance of coronary ischemia. There was a direct relation between the daily cigarette consumption level and the coronary risk. According to our results the risk in heavy consumers was greater than in those non-smokers. If is possible to achieve the control or eradication of high blood pressure, the risk of appearance of ischemic heart disease disappear.
Keywords : Ischemic heart disease; risk factor; high blood pressure; smoking; hypercholesterolemia; hypertriglyceridemia.