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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3003


TRINCADO AGUDO, María Teresa; RAMOS VALLE, Isora; VAZQUEZ ADAN, Yanis  y  GUILLEN FONSECA, Martha. Assessment of biosafety standards in the hemodialysis service of "Dr. Abelardo Bush López" Institute of Nephrology, 2009. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2011, vol.49, n.3, pp.356-372. ISSN 1561-3003.

The biosafety is considered as the behavior doctrine aimed to achieve attitudes and behaviors decreasing the worker risk. The Nursing professionals from the Nephrology service, due to the origin of their work are exposed to physical, chemical, biological risks and also are dependent of human factors. The staff may be influenced in the no fulfillment of biosafety standards by a lack of knowledges. Our aim if to assess the concepts influencing in the fulfillments of biosafety measures by nursing staff in the hemodialysis service, to determine the level of knowledge and to identify the factors influencing in its fulfilment. A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 15 nurses working in this service during the first four months of 2009. Two techniques were applied (questionnaire and observation). All identified the biological risk. The 87,7% expressed a sufficient level of knowledge on biosafety; the 93,3% about the protection means and the management of sharp-cutting instruments and the 73% about contaminated clothe. At observation it was evidenced that the handwashing was fulfilled by the 93,3% with requirements infringements and were minimal in the management and disposition of materials. The use of disinfectants and detergents was fulfilled at the 93,3%; at 100% the clothes disposition, but not the use of glasses and aprons. SThe 86,7% of nursers were vaccinated against B hepatitis, and more than a half identified the biosafety measures, although were not applied according to the established standards but used the protection means, except those not available. We conclude that although the nursing professional has knowledges on the biosafety measures not used it in a appropriate way, thus authors suggest to design and to develop a continuous training program in the nursing staff emphasizing the existence of protection material and to extend present study to institutions with similar concepts.

Palabras clave : Biosafety; protection means; biological risks.

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