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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3003

Resumen

DIAZ PI, Oscar; QUESADA, Ismael; RAMOS DIAZ, Nélida  y  BEZERRA FERREIRA, Isabela. Epidemiological characteristics of injured patients seen at "Dr Miguel Enríquez" Hospital in 2012. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2014, vol.52, n.2, pp.182-195. ISSN 1561-3003.

Introduction: since ancient times, trauma events seize millions of human lives and cause incredible economic costs. Trauma is considered one of the leading causes of disability, economic loss and death; it is an unresolved pandemic in the modern era. Objective: to determine the epidemiological characteristics of injured patients seen at "Dr. Miguel Enríquez" hospital in 2012. Methods: longitudinal, observational, descriptive, prospective case-series type study conducted in 2012 which had trauma prognosis index "New Injury Severity Score” of over eight points. Results: among the total number of injured people (110), males predominated with 87 patients over 23 female patients. The weekend accounted for 58 % of the days when traumas occured whereas 18:00 to 05:59 represented 67 % of the time intervals when traumas were managed. Traffic accidents (49 patients) and stab wounds (41 patients) were the most common mechanisms of action. Conclusions: the epidemiological characteristics found in this study were similar to those of studies made in other countries; the main difference lies in the mechanism of injury.

Palabras clave : trauma; epidemiology; type of mechanism of action.

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