Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
On-line version ISSN 1561-3194
SOSA HERNANDEZ, Roberto; SANCHEZ PORTELA, Carlos A; HERNANDEZ IGLESIAS, Sergio Santiago and BARBERO ARENCIBIA, Ricardo. Procedures for monitoring intraabdominal pressure (IAP). Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.1, pp. 2-9. ISSN 1561-3194.
Intraabdominal hypertension is defined as increased pressure into the abdominal cavity over 10 cm.H2O, and is classified in four degrees in terms of severity: I: 10 _ 15 cm. H2O; II : 16 _ 25 cm. H2O; III : 26 _ 35 cm. H2O; or IV : greater than 35 cm. H2O. Most physiological alterations are frequent in degrees III and IV, the physiological effects of intraabdominal hypertension start before the intraabdominal compartimental Syndrome (ICS) becomes clinically evident. The measurement of the IAP through transvesical route is a simple and harmless method, and the determining of the values corresponding to the emergence of the clinical manifestations of ICS would allow to take an early surgical and less risky stand which could improve the results from the assistance to these patients; therefore, the aim of this work is promoting its procedure and use as criterium of laparotomy.
Keywords : INTRAABDOMINAL PRESSURE; INTRAABDOMINAL COMPARTIMENTAL SYNDROME.