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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194


RAMIREZ SOSA, Pedro Antonio; OTANO PLASENCIA, Carlos; MARTINEZ FERNANDEZ, Yusimí  y  PRIETO HERNANDEZ, Yarelis. Diagnostic and prevention of the genetic diseases. Analysis of six years of the municipality Sandino. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.1, pp.130-141. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: In the last years Congenital Anomalies and hereditary diseases have gained importance, as a cause of death during the first year of life. The program for the ¨Diagnosis and Prevention of Genetic Diseases¨ has contributed to the reduction of infant mortality rates, and the morbility indicators, and to improve the quality of life within the community. Objective: To analyze how well the Genetic Program has been functioning in Sandino during the last six years. Method: It was held to descriptive, prospective study of longitudinal out with 100% of all pregnant women from January 1st, 2000 up to December 31st, 2005, in two health areas of the municipality, using data found in both the municipal and the provincial community Genetics Medical Assistance. Results: 2,388 pregnant women were attended in the community's Genetics Assistance, out of them just 725 (30, 4) were detected with increased risk. The main causes were advanced maternal age, teenage pregnancy and family records. Around 9.84% Alpha-fetoproteins reached high levels, 48.9% without a reasonable cause. Eleven patients decided not to go though the cytogenetic prenatal diagnosis and one resulted positive out of those carried out. The 31 cases of malformations detected decided to interrupt their pregnancy. Conclusion: The approach of the Genetic Service in the population y the Community's Genetics assistance contribute to the detection of risks as long as they go to visit the Genetic Physician on time. Pregnancy in deadline age constitutes the main genetic risk present in the pregnant women studied. For each person deceased about 6.2 abortions of pregnancy were done because of malformations.

Palabras clave : Infant mortality; genetic abnormalities; genetic diseases; prenatal diagnosis.

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