Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194
CAMERO MACHIN, Julio C et al. Effectivity of an educative intervention in the diabetic aged: "Raúl Sánchez" Policlinic. Pinar del Río, 2007. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.2, pp. 99-109. ISSN 1561-3194.
The educative study is aimed at showing the results of an educative action in the diabetic aged and to increase the knowledge about them in "Raúl Sanchez Policlinic" during year 2007. Universe was comprised of 98 diabetic old patients from the Family Medical Office in the "Cuba Libre "Popular Council in Pinar del Río. Sample coincides with the Universe excluding those meeting the exclusion criteria and having 73 diabetic patients and 25 were excluded by multiple reasons. The intervention process was developed with an initial cut for determining the knowledge the patient have on the disease; an educative intervention on the training over the initially diagnosed where a program of educative activities is given as well as a final cut for determining and validating the action of the intervention. The Mc Nemar Chi square test (95%) and the Fischer test were used for the comparative analysis. The greater group was in the 60 and 74 Age Group predominating the feminine sex and type 2 MD with a natural history of ±15 years and oral hypoglycaemic drugs. Initially, difficulties with the knowledge on control and diet tests were found, but when the educative intervention finished, significantly changes related to right answers and development of the skills were also obtained. It was obtained a great knowledge on the disease and it was possible to develop skills for the daily care.
Palabras llave : Diabetes Mellitus Type 2; Prevention And Control; The Aged; Medical Education.