Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194
GARCIA ALUM, Nury Esther et al. Evolution of knowledge to prevent HIV/AIDS in medical students. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.3, pp. 19-29. ISSN 1561-3194.
ABSTRACT A study was conducted having a design of intervention which describes the awareness of the prevention of HIV/AIDS in the students that enroll Medical Studies at "Ernesto Guevara de la Serna" Medical University, Pinar del Río, with the purpose of assessing knowledge progress when applying the educative intervention. The universe was comprised of 300 students from the first academic year, and the information was obtained applying surveys. The qualitative-nominal variables were summarized by means of relative and absolute frequencies. To its statistical analysis the X2 test of McNemar was used to the 95% of certainty. Concluding that: Ages between 18-19 and female sex prevailed. This age bracket started an active sexual life between 15 and 19. They knew some ways of HIV-transmission, some criteria of a responsible sexual behavior and when wearing condoms. The seropositive criteria and the reduction of the risks of infection were unknown. After the educative intervention the level of knowledge increased respect to all the explored elements having a high statistical significance, the intervention can be evaluated as effective
Palabras llave : health knowledge; attitudes; aids/prevention; medical students; health education.