Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versão On-line ISSN 1561-3194
SUAREZ BLANCO, Ciro Manuel et al. Epidemiology of the endometrial lesions in obese women older than 50 years old. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.1, pp. 58-71. ISSN 1561-3194.
A retrospective and analytic research was carried out with the purpose of identifying risk factors associated with endometrial lesions in obese women older than 50 years old in Pinar del Rio municipality. The universe was comprised of the total of women living at "Hermanos Cruz" health sector. A group of obese women older than 50 years old and a control group of non-obese women older than 50 years old were chosen. To collect data, a survey-form was used; including general variables of women, personal, familial, gynecological and obstetric records. The survey was applied for both groups having a previous consent. A sonographic study was conducted to women participating in the research and performing an endometrial-histological examination when the Sonography showed abnormalities (greater 4mm in postmenopausal and 14mm in premenopausal women). A database using the variables studied was created; and the results were grouped in charts (simple and of contingency). In the statistical process absolute frequency and percentage, chi square, Fisher's probability test, odds ratio (raw and adjusted), and Z test were used. Obesity was associated with a major probability of having an abnormal sonographic result of the endometrial thickness, premalignant lesions and endometrial cancer; mainly when familial history of breast or colon cancers existed as well as personal records of early menarche, parity and abnormal uterine bleeding.
Palavras-chave : Adenocarcinoma; Endometrial neoplasm; epidemiology; Endometrial hyperplasia; biopsy.