Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versão On-line ISSN 1561-3194
HERRERA MIRANDA, Guillermo Luís et al. Clinical and epidemiological aspects of ischemic heart disease in San Juan y Martinez, 2009. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.1, pp. 169-177. ISSN 1561-3194.
Ischemic Heart Disease is a health problem that takes a great number of lives off and it is a cause of disability all over the world. The objective of this research was to identify clinical and epidemiological aspects that characterize ischemic heart disease in 150 patients (15 years or older), belonging to three doctor's offices in the Popular Council of "Galope", San Juan y Martinez, Pinar del Rio during January-July 2009. This place presents the greatest incidence and prevalence in the municipality. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted including questioning, physical examination and electrocardiogram to the total of the sample chosen. Data were processed using percentage value and chi square when necessary. In the sample male sex prevailed over the female, and ages older than 56 in both groups. Ischemic heart disease without angina was the prevailing clinical manifestation; meanwhile alterations of the ST-segment were the most common electrocardiographic findings. Smoking, sedentary life and hypertension were the most frequent risk factors in the series, increasing with age and all of them prevailed in the group suffering from ischemic heart disease significantly. A direct relationship between risk factors associated and ischemic heart disease was found.
Palavras-chave : MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA; risk factors.