Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versão On-line ISSN 1561-3194
LAZO CABRERA, Jesús; HERNANDEZ BRAVO, Bárbara del R e MENDEZ SUAREZ, María A. Tuberculosis and pediatric AIDS: a case report in Mozambique. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.1, pp. 190-196. ISSN 1561-3194.
Tuberculosis (abbreviated TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis), is a disease caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Hominis, weakly Gram-positive bacillus, aerobic, acid-alcohol resistance, of curved aspect, motionless and sporeless. TB constitutes one of the re-emergent diseases in the childhood all over the world. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the most important risk factor to the TB development. Despite the incidence of both diseases is low in relation to the worldwide statistics; and according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the states and sanitary authorities are making a great effort to carry out an effective control and an adequate management of the cases recorded. Encouraged by the presence of the Cuban Medical Internationalist Missions in several countries the case is presented in order to transmit experience. A 4-year-old, black boy, coming from a rural region in Mampula City, Mozambique, sub-Saharan Africa; the clinical and laboratory findings confirmed a pulmonary TB, also the presence of AIDS was verified (positive HIV and lymphocytes CD4+ in 15%). An adequate therapeutic taking into account the protocols established in Mozambique for both diseases was followed with the purpose of improving the clinical conditions of the patient, which made possible changes in the quality of life and life expectancy.
Palavras-chave : Tuberculosis; diagnosis; HIV; ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME; therapy.