Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194
FERNANDEZ BORBON, Hugo y CUNI GONZALEZ, Víctor. Educative intervention about sexually transmitted infections in adolescents. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.3, pp. 8-13. ISSN 1561-3194.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in general; especially HIV/AIDS in adolescents and young population constitute a serious health problem. Objective: to modify the level of knowledge about Sexually Transmitted Infections. Method: an educative intervention was conducted with adolescents in a school area at "Hermanos Cruz" Outpatient Clinic during June to November 2008. The target group was comprised of 452 adolescents, and a sample of 100 adolescents was taken at random through a simple raffle. Including ages from 11 to 19 and the variables of sex, age, educational level and ways of obtaining information about STI, knowledge about STI and the confirmed knowledge they had about the topic. The process of information included the calculation of descriptive measures for the qualitative variables as for absolute and relative frequencies. Results: female sex prevailed (54%) and the group of ages belonging to the late adolescence (57%); the majority of the adolescents were enrolled or had concluded the secondary studies (39%); it was verified that before applying the educative intervention the majority of the adolescents referred not to have knowledge about STI and the ways of prevention (79%); the quality of knowledge (verified) about STI regarding symptoms and ways of infection before the educative intervention was not correct in 60% of the adolescents. Conclusions: after the application of the strategy a significant change of attitude and knowledge acquisition of the adolescents about STI was observed.
Palabras llave : SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES; ADOLESCENT.