Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194
SIXTO FUENTES, Sahely; BOFFILL CORRALES, Acela; JALILO HERNANDEZ, Sandra María y GONZALEZ PEREZ, Dayamí de la Caridad. Assessment of the risk factors for severe ocular accidents in children. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.3, pp. 14-19. ISSN 1561-3194.
Objective: To assess the risk factors for severe ocular accidents in children. Methods: An applied, epidemiological, descriptive, longitudinal and prospective research of the severe ocular accidents was conducted in the Ophthalmologic Service at "Pepe Portilla" Provincial Children Hospital, Pinar del Rio. The target group and the sample were comprised of two groups of children from 1 to 16 years old of both sexes and all ethnics. First group: children and adolescents suffering from severe ocular accidents. Second group: children and adolescents without ocular accidents; a total sample of 130 patients were chosen by means of a simple sampling at random. Empiric and theoretical scientific research methods were used. Results: The ocular trauma represented 87, 8% of the admissions in the emergency service during the period. The group of ages between 9-12 and male sex (89, 2%) were the most affected; 76, 9% lived in rural zones and 96, 9% of the accidents occurred out of the house without adult company; knowledge and attitudes towards ocular accidents were evaluated as fair in families (57,7% and 60,8% respectively). Conclusions: a high frequency of severe ocular traumas in children was verified in Pinar del Rio, specifying causal risk factors and difficulties to prevent these accidents
Palabras llave : ACCIDENTS; classification; EYE INJURIES; CHILD; RISK FACTORS.