Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versão ISSN 1561-3194
CARDENTEY GARCIA, Juan et al. Characterization of oral health in early adolescence in a health area. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.3, pp. 15-27. ISSN 1561-3194.
A descriptive study of correlation and cross-sectional cut was conducted to characterize oral health in an adolescent population (12 years old); the group was chosen from “Raul Sanchez” health area in order to draw a strategy of intervention to modify oral-dental health chart. The target group was comprised of 269 adolescents with a probabilistic stratified sample of 90 subjects; using the oral-dental indicators proposed by the International Dental Federation: percentage of children without tooth decay, COP-D epidemiological classification, risk factors, prevalence of periodontal diseases, malocclusions, condition and permanence of first permanent molar. Records of tooth decay, poor oral hygiene and heredity constituted the risk factors of greatest incidence on the onset of tooth decay and periodontal diseases, whereas deforming habits were present in malocclusions. In periodontal diseases and tooth decay male sex prevailed. The index of COP-D was below the goal of WHO proposed to 2010. The prevalence of periodontal diseases reached the parameters established by the FDI/WHO to 2010, while malocclusions were over the stipulated. The epidemiological classification of sick person achieved a high percentage.
Palavras-chave : Oral health [norms]; adolescence [minors].