Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versión ISSN 1561-3194
DUQUE ALBERRO, Yairis; CORRALES LEON, Arlene L; PULIDO VALLADARES, Yolaini y REZK DIAZ, Anay. Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.3, pp. 110-122. ISSN 1561-3194.
Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Montoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.
Palabras llave : TOOTH ABNORMALITIES [diagnosis]; STOMATOGNATHIC SYSTEM [growth & development]; HABITS.