Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
version ISSN 1561-3194
ROSETE MAZON, María del Carmen et al. Most frequent oral affections in pre-school children in Consolacion del Sur. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.4, pp. 41-51. ISSN 1561-3194.
A descriptive, cross- sectional study with pre-school children from 2 to five years old belonging to "5 de septiembre" clinic in Consolacion del Sur was conducted from 2006 to 2007 with the objective of determining most frequent oral affections. The target group was comprised of 453 children and the sample of 412 considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ages taken were approximately 2 and 5 years old. A form to collect data was prepared taking into account a previous informed consent from parents or representatives. Children were examined in the polyclinic, home or care centers with natural light, wearing gloves, with lingual depressants and graph rule to measure the magnitude of the projection. To process and analyze the information a database was made using Microsoft Excel 2003 and the statistical program 5.0. Percentage method was used to sum up, as the analysis of the association among variables through independence test; which was based on the distribution chi square test. The level of statistical significance used was: 0, 05. The most frequent oral affections identified in most of the children included were: malocclusions and dental traumas.
Keywords : MOUTH DISEASES [diagnosis]; MOUTH DISEASES [complications].