Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
version ISSN 1561-3194
QUINTERO PAREDES, Pedro Pablo et al. Sexual education as a function of pregnancy prevention in adolescents. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.4, pp. 147-162. ISSN 1561-3194.
A descriptive and cross-sectional study including female adolescents that attended to menstrual extraction (ME) service from January to July 2011 at "Luis Augusto Turcios Lima" University Polyclinic in Pinar del Rio municipality was conducted with the purpose of characterizing sexual education with respect to pregnancy prevention. A survey having a previous informed consent of their parents was applied. The target group was comprised of 345 female adolescents and a simple probabilistic sample of 200 adolescents attending to this service. Data were processed and analyzed using frequency measures (percentages) applying also a hypothesis tests. The main results were: female adolescents between 14-16 years old (66, 7%) showed the highest incidence using the service. Friends (39, 5%) and mass media (30, 5%) were the main ways to find information concerning the topic. With regard to the commencement of sexual relations they referred the demands of the couple or because of friends' pressure, and 55,5% reflected an inappropriate perception in relation to abortion risks. The principal causes that stimulate the use of this service were: the studies, a non-expected pregnancy, a contraceptive less-risky method, luck of information about pregnancy prevention as well, finding difficulties in sexual education concerning pregnancy prevention in female adolescents.
Keywords : SEX EDUCATION [methods]; SEX EDUCATION [ethics]; PREGNACY IN ADOLESCENCE [prevention & control].