Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río
versão ISSN 1561-3194
MARIMON TORRES, Eugenia Rita et al. Psychosocial factors that influence on the fulfilment of school duties, Pinar del Rio. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.4, pp. 201-217. ISSN 1561-3194.
School, family and community constitute an essential instrument in the preventive care of adolescences. With the purpose of determining the psychosocial risk factors that influence on the fulfilment of school duties for adolescences in Pinar del Rio municipality, an observational-analytical research of case-control during January-December 2009 was conducted. Out of the nine (9) urban secondary schools (ESBU) one of them was chosen at simple random: "Combate de Bacunagua". Out of the 30 pupils in eight and nine grades who did not fulfil the school duties, 22 participated in the research and for each of them two controls were performed with the same sex and classroom. Data were collected through home visits, semi-structured interview, observation-participative guide and a questionnaire were applied to both groups. Data collected were processed, tabulated and showed in tables. The statistical analysis was conducted by means of Epidat 3.0 program, using chi square test, crossed-punctual-product ratio and by intervals of confidence. Results: a possible causal association was found among adolescences without fulfilling school duties and having families with unsatisfied basic needs, where social complexity was observed; and whose parents presented inadequate attitudes towards the performance of their children in school with poor affective relationships in their homes.
Palavras-chave : ADOLESCENT; PSYCHOLOGY.