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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194

Resumen

HERNANDEZ ESTRADA, Anaisel  y  DIAZ ROJAS, Amelis. Indicators of vulnerability to stress in executives and its relation to organizational factors of stress. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.3, pp.181-194. ISSN 1561-3194.

Stress is one of the most important risk factors to the majority of the diseases; it provokes a response of the organism to the external conditions that disturbs the emotional equilibrium of the individual. Its consequences affect the individual's life as well as the working sphere that notably influences on the productive effectiveness of the executives, hindering the processes of decision-making, flexible thinking, creativity, motivation and health. This research paper was aimed at identifying if there was a relationship between the indicators of vulnerability to stress in the executives at "Abel Santamaria Cuadrado" University Hospital and the factors of organizational stress they perceived. A design of a non-experimental, cross-sectional research that included a descriptive/correlative study in a sample comprised of 44 executives was conducted. Stress-vulnerability scale test and the questionnaire of work-related stress of the IWO-WHO were applied together with a semi-structured interview. Worries and psychosomatic disorders were the main indicators of vulnerability to stress obtained. The level of perception regarding organizational factors that provoke work-related stress was low and correlated significantly with the indicators of vulnerability to stress obtained, which elements were:organizational environment, organizational territory and technology.Quantitatively, the indicators of problems concerning vulnerability to stress in executives were not notable and the level of perception of the main sources of risk factors existing in work-related environments, causing stress, was for the most part low.

Palabras clave : factors of organizational stress [executives].

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