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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194

Resumen

GALLARDO VARGAS, Ronald; BARON HERNANDEZ, Diana  y  CRUZ MENOR, Ernesto. Basis of a methodological design to the evaluation of informal care of Alzheimer patients. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.3, pp.195-209. ISSN 1561-3194.

Taking care of a dependent person, implies facing the demands that overwhelm the possibilities of the care giver, if the person is a family member, the consequences have a tendency to be severe. In Alzheimer’s disease, due to its natural history and irreversible character, the patient becomes into a total dependent individual. The care of these cases is considered a stress condition, making it one of the paradigms to the study of chronic stress. Numerous studies deal with the discomfort of the care givers from an individual perspective without a theoretical frame. According to the analysis carried out it was necessary to create a methodological design to the assessment for the informal care of Alzheimer’s patients, from the stress and face-up models regarding the situation of the care-giver. The previous, started from the consideration of the mechanisms which contribute to the negative consequences for the health of care givers, overseeing relational or transactional models of stress. To achieve this objective, theoretical and empiric methods were used, granting privilege to the review of scientific literature with respect to the management of the studies about situations; where the care and the figure of the care givers are involved. A definition of the informal care was conducted to provide the implementation of the variable. A mixed design was created in parallel where some techniques were chosen; some of them had been prepared and validated in studies about Alzheimer’s patients or situations of health care. A feasible design supported on a theoretical method consistent with the problem of investigation.

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