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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

On-line version ISSN 1561-3194


IGLESIAS CARBONELL, Seila et al. Characterization of smoking in adolescents. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.4, pp.46-54. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: Smoking or cigarette smoking is a disorder caused by a substance-dependence, nicotine. It is observed that during last years smoking habit has an early beginning, particularly in adolescence.  Objective: to characterize the attitudes of adolescents regarding smoking to design an educational intervention where the population of this psychological age belonging to No-9 Doctor’s Office at “Pedro Borras Astorga” Polyclinic in Pinar del Rio city is included.  Material and Method: qualitative methodology was used. The target group was comprised of 103 adolescents living in the health area at No-9 Doctor’s Office, “Pedro Borras Astorga” Polyclinic. The sample included 73 adolescents. The theoretical methods used were: historical-logic, analysis-synthesis and systemic-structural, applying also the empirical methods: ethnographic, survey and interviews as well.  Results: out of the subjects interviewed, 38 belonged to male sex, which indicated a relevant indicator. The 79,6% of those surveyed, considered smoking as a bad habit. Another percentage associated smoking with elegance, and other expressed: smoking gives a resemblance of maturity for adolescents who smoke.  Conclusion: adolescent population under study was characterized by a total understanding of the effects of smoking on health, highlighting ethical aspects and personality traits regarding social behavior as remarkable aspects.

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