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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

versión On-line ISSN 1561-3194

Resumen

CHAGIMES BATISTA, Yadira et al. Behavior of genetic pre-conception risk. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.4, pp.54-63. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: reproductive genetic risk in women involves factors of a varied nature which imply a potential risk for the descendants. Genetic pre-conception refers to the existence of diverse factors which constitute a potential hazard to the reproductive health, identified in non-pregnant women in fertile ages. Objective: to describe the behavior of genetic pre-conception risk in San Juan y Martinez municipality during 2011. Material and method: a descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study, which target group was comprised of the total of patients having pre-conception risk in the municipality, the sample included women classified with genetic pre-conception risk at Community Genetics Service, previous an informed consent; along with a medical interview aimed at obtaining data with absolute certainty and in-depth analysis. Results: 62% of women classified of having pre-conception risk included chromosomal anomalies, represented by adolescents followed by advanced maternal ages. Neural tube defects were the most frequent congenital defects followed by cardiac ones. A great number of patients participating in the study knew nothing of the effectiveness of folic acid intake before the conception. Conclusions: the program for the management and control of pre-conception risk should be promoted in health professionals, performing educational activities in order to reduce genetic risk before the pregnancy.

Palabras clave : Relative risk; Medical genetics; Pregnancy.

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