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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

On-line version ISSN 1561-3194


SANABRIA NEGRIN, José Guillermo et al. Incidence and tendency of cervical-uterine lesions in Pinar del Río 10-to-14-year-old women, 2003-2012. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.1, pp.4-13. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: malignant and pre-malignant lesions have been localized in women less than 25 years, but the exact enormity of the problem in Pinar del Río is not known. Objective: to evaluate the tendency and incidence of malignant and pre-malign cervical lesions in Pinar women less than 25 years old according to demographic characteristics, in the period 2003-2012. Material and method: a retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out, in order to know the annual incidence of malign and pre-malign cervical lesions in Pinar women younger than 25 years. The sample comprised the results of biopsies made of those women in that period. Results: the annual incidence in 10,000 women from 10-24 years old was 8.8 for CIN1, 3.1 for CIN2, 1.6 for CIN3 + CIS (carcinoma in situ), 0.07 for de micro-invasive, 0.03 for the invasive Ib, and 0.02 for the invasive stage II. Stages over neither epidermoidal nor endocervical adenocarcinomas were detected. The annual incidence in each lesion proved increasing particularly for NIC1 cases. Out of 1,198 biopsies made on this age group, only 10 invasive epidermoidal carcinomas were detected in ten years, 0.7 annually, with a proportion of 5.8 per 1,000 women between 10-24 years of age. Conclusions: The tendency of malignant lesions detected in this group would not justify starting the cytological screening before the 25 years of age, since the cost would high and the benefit would be minimal.

Keywords : Adolescent; Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; Neoplasms; Uterine cervical neoplasms.

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