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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

On-line version ISSN 1561-3194


GONZALEZ GARCIA, Raúl  and  OLIVA LOPEZ, Yinet. Joint hypermobility syndrome, a clinical-epidemiological approach in Minas de Matahambre. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.1, pp.45-56. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: joint hypermobility syndrome, described by Rotés-Querol in 1957, is characterized by the presence of joint hypermobility and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system. The diagnosis is clinical, based on exploratory maneuvers specified in Beighton Score, and with no specific treatment. Objective: to analyze the behavior of the clinical and epidemiological features of joint hypermobility syndrome in the population of Minas de Matahambre. Material and Methods: a retrospective descriptive study was conducted from January 2011 to January 2013; the total number of patients was referred to consultation with the community genetics for hypermobility together with other symptoms, determining the behavior of the main clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the disease. Results: predominantly female and white presented in the group of 3-8 years as the 55.3 %, with significant rural cases, diagnosis decreases with age, 78.9 % have some affected first-order relation and risk factors predominate as low prenatal folic acid intake, maternal malnutrition and low birth weight. Conclusions: the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of joint hypermobility syndrome are determined, seeking to extend health professionals and increase their knowledge of dysmorphology for timely referral of hypermobility associated with genetic diseases, and therefore to implement intervention strategies in the families identified for early detection and thus to reduce complications.

Keywords : Joint instability [epidemiology]; Joint instability [genetics].

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