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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

versión On-line ISSN 1608-8921

Resumen

CASANOVA MORENO, María de la C; TRASANCOS DELGADO, Maricela; PRATS ALVAREZ, Olga María  y  GOMEZ GUERRA, Diana Belkys. Prevalence of the risk factors of arteriosclerosis in adult people in diabetic type 2. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.2, pp.23-31. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background: The cardiovascular disease in diabeticians, is generally macro vascular, is responsible of more of the 75 % of death and internations. Objective: To determine the prevalence of the risk factors, arterial hypertension, sedentariness, hypercholesterolemia, smoke habits, obesity, and its consequence in adult people with diabetic mellitus type 2. Methodology: A descriptive study was done with a transversal cut in the university clinic Hermanos Cruz of the province and municipality of Pinar del Rio during the year 2011, the universe was constituted by all the adult people with diabetic mellitus type 2 diagnose of the clinic mentioned before, the sample was formed by 102 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A survey was applied to all patients from the study made by the authors and in which the principles of medical ethic were fulfilled, for this was also used the descriptive statistic. Results: More of the half of the sample were hypertensive and suffered sedentariness (72.5 %) although in a minor quantity there was a presence of hypercolesteromia, tobacco poisoning and obesity. The combination of the most frequent the risk factors were hypertension, hypercholesterolemia (44 %) and hypertension-obesity (21.6 %). Conclusions: A particular attention must be kept in the presence of arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, by its high association with the studied processes of arteriolosclerosis.

Palabras clave : diabetes mellitus type 2; risk factors; big crisis of arterioloscleros.

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