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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

versión On-line ISSN 1608-8921

Resumen

SOTOLONGO DIAZ, Dunia et al. Didactic Concept of the Interdisciplinary Formation Process of the Diagnostic Ability of Dermatology Residents. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2023, vol.25, n.1, 2486.  Epub 01-Abr-2023. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background:

The theoretical study, the diagnosis conducted and the experience of the researchers make possible to formulate the problem of the present research: limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the Specialty of Dermatology of the General Provincial Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila.

Objective:

To elaborate a didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the specialty of Dermatology, based on the characterization of the current state of that ability.

Methodology:

An educational research with a descriptive component was conducted at the Provincial General Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila, in the 2016-2020 school years. The study population consisted of the 16 first-year dermatology residents who enrolled in the specialty during the study period.

Results:

The characterization conducted showed limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in anatomic pathology laboratories, Microbiology and Medical Parasitology, by residents (100%). The didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of diagnostic ability focuses on teaching and learning activities and laboratory practices in a logical consecutiveness and systematization from the different forms of teaching and class typologies. It integrates the interdisciplinary and the use of the research method that is established in the guiding ideas.

Conclusions:

The didactic conception, as a research contribution, resolves the dialectic contradiction between the application of the clinical method and the procedures in laboratory practice that occurs in this formative process which is a didactic support that backs up the practical activities in the laboratories in order to achieve the objectives of the study plan of the specialty.

Palabras clave : Dermatology and education; didactic conception; ability to diagnose; interdisciplinarity; residents; education medical and methods; medical staff and education; interdisciplinary placement and methods; clinical competence.

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