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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

versión On-line ISSN 1608-8921

Resumen

RAMIREZ MESA, Celidanay et al. Relationship between fetal biometry, lipid accumulation product and the trophic condition at birth. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2023, vol.25, n.2, 2484.  Epub 05-Mayo-2023. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background:

Maternal nutritional status disorders are usually related to fetal growth deviations, which can be detected by fetal biophysical parameters and identify the possible trophic condition at birth.

Objective:

To determine the possible relationship between fetal biometric parameters, the birth trophic state and lipid accumulation product.

Methodology:

A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Chiqui Gómez Lubian Polyclinic in Santa Clara municipality, during 2019, in a population of 253 normal-weight pregnant women who were apparently healthy at the beginning of their gestation. The non-probability sample was made up of 144 pregnant women. Study variables were: lipid accumulation product, fetal biometry and trophic condition at birth. Theoretical, empirical and statistical methods were used.

Results:

In the second trimester, none of the biometric parameters matched the condition at birth as a small child, while in the large one the head and abdominal circumferences matched. In the third trimester, femoral length and abdominal circumference coincide in identifying the small one and the large one. LAP correlated with third trimester abdominal circumference and birth weight, presenting higher frequency of values in the third tertile for large births.

Conclusions:

Abdominal circumference was the biometric parameter with the highest coincidence with trophic condition at birth, associated with values in the third tertile of the LAP for detecting large births, relating the metabolically obese normal weight phenotype with excessive fetal growth.

Palabras clave : Fetal growth and development; fetal biometry; fetal weight; fetal development; gestational age; lipid accumulation product; trophic condition at birth; metabolically obese normal-weight phenotype.

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