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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

versión On-line ISSN 1608-8921

Resumen

MACIAS-CAMBA, Solange Patricia et al. Occupational hazard perceptions in nursing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2023, vol.25, n.2, 2532.  Epub 02-Ago-2023. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background:

The COVID-19 pandemic has increased occupational hazards in nursing professionals, therefore, it is necessary to know the perceptions of health staff as a qualitative value to be taken into account in the effective management of their work process.

Objective:

To describe the perception of the Nursing professional in relation to occupational risks during the COVID-19 pandemic, from a phenomenological point of view.

Methodology:

Qualitative research (descriptive-explanatory) of the phenomenological type, studying the perceptions of 13 nursing professionals about physical occupational hazards, biological, physiological and ergonomic, occurred at the IESS Hospital "Dr. Efrén Jurado", in Guayaquil, Ecuador.

Results:

It was observed that the professionals use strategies for coping against occupational hazards, they also encourage self-care behaviors, follow biosafety protocols enhance effective communication in the work team, provide emotional support to the patient, project an attitude of positivity and compassion, and remain strong in God; professionals constantly experience fear of infection, sadness, frustration and powerlessness in their daily work.

Conclusions:

Findings approach the health belief model, describing components that interact to create a risk prevention behavior or attitude among nurses, an individual perception that involves beliefs and modifiable factors such as emotional aspects related to feelings.

Palabras clave : Occupational risks; COVID-19; coronavirus infections; nurses.

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