Revista Médica Electrónica
versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824
UMPIERREZ GARCIA, Ibis et al. Efficacy of diagnostic means of the colorrectal cancer in elder patients. Rev. Med. Electrón. [online]. 2010, vol.32, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1684-1824.
Colorrectal diseases are a serious health problem because of its high incidence. In Cuba this disease is at the 4 th place in frequency order with a rate of 17,1 x 100 000 inhabitants. The objective of our investigation was determining the most used diagnostic means in the colorrectal cancer testing. We carried out a descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study at the Policlinic Carlos Verdugo. The universe was formed by 37 elder patients assisting the gastroenterology consultation in the period from january 2007 to december 2008. The variables used were genre, age, symptoms, signs and diagnostic means. Among the main results we found that the most affected genre was the female one with 54 %, the age group where the disease was more frequent was the group of 60-69 years old persons. The predominant symptoms and signs were diarrhea with phlegm and blood in 12 patients, abdominal pain in 9 cases and intestinal habits change in 8 patients, and also hypocolored mucosa in 22 patients and palpable tumor mass in 6 cases. The most used diagnostic mean was ultrasound with positivity in 9 cases, followed by colonoscopy with a positivity of 33 patients, among them colon by enema with a positivity of 31 cases.
Palabras llave : COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS [diagnosis]; COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS [etiology]; COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS [epidemiology]; COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS [ultrasonography]; COLONOSCOPY; ENEMA [methods]; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES [utilization]; HUMANS; MIDDLE AGED; AGED; AGED, 80 AND OVER; EPIDEMIOLOGY, DESCRIPTIVE; LONGITUDINAL STUDIES; PROSPECTIVE STUDIES; HOSPITALS, MILITARY; MATANZAS; CUBA.