Revista Médica Electrónica
versão ISSN 1684-1824
The clinical evaluation of the patient with cranial trauma has always been a chapter reserved for the neurosurgeon, an erroneous conception if we take into the account the fact that the 80 % of the cases arriving to the emergency unit have a slight cranial trauma and may be attended by any physiologist. We exhaustively reviewed the theme from the clinical point of view, trying to show the importance of knowing the clinical manifestations and the natural evolution of the primary cerebral lesion produced by a cranial trauma, to act in a fast and secure way. Occasionally, for inexperience, the physician pays attention only to the cranial lesion, and other times he relegates it to a second plane. Only the detailed clinical vision and the basic neurological examination allow an accurate diagnosis. The authors would like to contribute with this work to the therapeutic and diagnostic orientation of the physician toward the neurotraumatized patient, to diminish the morbidity and mortality of this disease in the province of Matanzas.
Palavras-chave : brain injuries; craniocerebral trauma; neurosurgery.