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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824

Resumen

LEON CABRERA, Pablo et al. Risk epidemiologic stratification of the emergent and re-emergent diseases per health areas. Province of Matanzas. 2002-2006 . Rev. Med. Electrón. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp.34-46. ISSN 1684-1824.

The emergent and re-emergent diseases are a health problem worrying governments and public health authorities because of the economic and social effects they can produce. We carried out a descriptive observational study in the population of the province of Matanzas, geographically distributed in their health area, with the purpose of stratifying the risk for the emergent and re-emergent diseases, in the period 2002-2006. A group of experts selected the diseases to study and the indicators, being defined this way: for the tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS, the prevalence rate and the lethality; for dengue and malaria, the imported cases and the infestation index; for the avian flu and the West Nile fever, the migratory birds settlement and the traveler arrival from the endemic areas, and for the last one also the infestation rate. The data were collected from the cards of Obligatory Declaration Diseases and the decease certifications, from the Provincial Direction of Health, the Provincial Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology, the vectorial surveillance system of the Provincial Unit of Vectors, the Provincial Center of Veterinary Medicine, and the Ministry of Sciences, Technology and Environment. As a result we obtained that Playa, Varadero, Agramonte and Jagüey Grande were the health areas at higher risk. This is of great importance for the executives at the different levels of the system, making possible the reorientation of the surveillance, the organization of the health services and te opportune intervention on a scientific basis.

Palabras clave : emergent and re-emergent diseases; epidemiologic stratification; prevalence; lethality.

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