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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824

Resumen

ACHIONG ALEMANY, Mercy et al. Global cardiovascular risk and vascular age: key tools in cardiovascular diseases prevention. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2016, vol.38, n.2, pp.211-226. ISSN 1684-1824.

Background: with the society development and changes in life style, cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of death in the world and in Cuba. They could be preventable if acting on their cardiovascular risk factors that are stratified estimating the global cardiovascular risk. The main factors are summed up in tables, determining the possibility of presenting a cardiovascular disease in 5 or 10 years. Cardiovascular age is calculated on the basis of the global cardiovascular risk. It is a useful tool for motivating patients to eliminate the cardiovascular risk factors. For all the before said, the authors planed to review theoretical referents of the global cardiovascular risk and the vascular age.  Materials and Methods: it was carried out a search in the Virtual Library of Infomed. 231 works were reviewed without year or country limitation, selecting 49 of them.  Development: there they were characterized 14 tables calculating the global cardiovascular risk factor, beginning from Framinghan study. In Cuba, it were used the classic ones of Framinghan, World Health Organization, International Society of Hypertension and Gaziano without laboratory teats. An individual’s vascular age is the same as it would be the age of a person with one and the same global vascular risk, but with all the cardiovascular risk factors at normal levels. This has a great emotional load leading the patient to take preventive measures. Conclusions: the tables stratifying the global cardiovascular risk should be adjusted to the epidemiologic reality of each country. Of all the tables used in Cuba, Gaziano´s without laboratory  test is the most workable one. Vascular age is an easy form of communicating the risk of suffering cardiovascular diseases.

Palabras clave : cardiovascular diseases; cardiovascular risk factors; global cardiovascular risk; risk tables; vascular age.

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