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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824


GONZALEZ DIAZ, María Elena; HERNANDEZ ALVAREZ, Ariana; FERNANDEZ ARCE, Liana  y  MORALES AGUIAR, Diana Rosa. Periodontal status of patients with atherothrombotic risk factors and some subsequent diseases. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.4, pp.871-883. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction: Periodontitis and its associated anaerobic subgingival infection represent metastatic injury that disseminates inflammatory mediators, which favor atherosclerosis. The high mortality rate for heart and cerebrovascular diseases in Cuba requires studies on emerging risk factors to direct efforts to their control and prevention. Objective: To characterize the association between chronic immune inflammatory periodontal disease (CIIPD) and some entities derived from atherothrombotic disease. Materials and Methods: Between January and March 2017, a cross - sectional descriptive study of cases and controls was carried out in the Medical Office # 13 of the Policlinic "19 de Abril", municipality of Plaza de la Revolución. The cases group was formed with patients who have suffered the chosen diseases derived from arteriosclerosis. The control group was formed by 1 X 1 mating, with subjects who had not presented diseases derived from atherosclerosis. They were validated according to age, sex and skin color. Atherosclerotic risk factors were explored, and also the prevalence and severity of CIIPD according to the Revised Periodontal Index. Bioethical principles and regulations for biomedical research were fulfilled. Summary measures were used for qualitative data and independent chi square test (X2) for qualitative variables. Results: The amount of men and women was the same, mostly white persons, aged 61-70 years. The most frequent atherosclerotic complications were angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. The most common risk factor was hypertension. From the point of view of Periodontics, there were only 3 healthy patients. Conclusions: The association among CIIPD and the chosen diseases derived from arteriosclerosis was not statiscally significant.

Palabras clave : atherosclerotic complications; periodontal disease; risk factors; periodontal disease as risk; periodontal medicine.

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