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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ RIBALTA, Isis et al. Food aversions of teenagers from the Junior High School Jose Marti in the municipality Cerro. 2015. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.6, pp.1236-1247. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction: the adolescence is considered a complex stage not only because of the changes occurring in the organism from all the points of view, but also due to the complexness of its psychological management. Eating habits belong to this field.  Objetive: to describe the behavior of food aversions in 94 teenagers of the Junior High School “José Martí.” Materials and Methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out during the period September-October 2015, with 97 7th-grade students of the Junior High school “José Martí”, municipality Cerro, whose age ranged from 11 to 15 years.  Results: the most detested food groups were vegetables and fruits. Fish, in spite of its nutritional importance, was the most rejected food and the less consumed one. Vegetables, legumes, cereals, white meats, eggs and dairy products are the food groups for which they showed less aversion. It is still a risk factor for the adolescent population the consumption of sweets and sugar because they are their preferable food and the ones they consume the most.    Conclusions: the detected food aversions locate this age group in a vulnerable situation from the nutritional point of view, and ratifies foods with higher nutritional values are the less detested ones, in spite of the current and future consequences that could generate in their health, and also indicates the raise of the incidence of diseases related with dietary habits

Palabras clave : food aversion; teenagers; nutrition.

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