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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824

Resumen

SIERRA BENITEZ, Enrique Marcos; LEON PEREZ, Mairianny Quianella; RODRIGUEZ RAMOS, Eglys  y  PEREZ ORTIZ, Letier. Clinical-surgical, neuroimaging and neuromonitored characterization of the encephalococranial trauma in the province of Matanzas. 2016-2018. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.2, pp.368-381. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction:

the encephalocranial trauma (ECT) is a frequent cause of mortality and morbidity. According to epidemiological data, it causes the highest number of deaths in people aged less than 45 years worldwide.

Objective:

to characterize the encephalocranial trauma from the clinical-surgical, neuroimaging and neuromonitoring point of view in the studied patients.

Materials and methods:

observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out in the Neurosurgery Service of the Provincial Teaching Surgical Clinical Hospitals “Jose Ramon Lopez Tabrane” and “Comandante Faustino Perez Hernandez”, of Matanzas, during the period from January 2016 to January 2018.

Results:

male sex predominated with 71.7% of the cases; the highest prevalence was in ages below 48 years with 80.1%. Most of them presented a mild encephalocranial trauma with 56% of the cases followed by moderate and severe encephalocranial trauma with 29% and 15% of the cases respectively. Linear fractures predominated (45.8%), followed by contusions without mass effect and subdural hematomas with 24.2% and 23.3%. Most of patients presented a Marshall II scale with 40.8%. The intracranial pressure between 20-40 mmHg occurred more frequently (44.4%).

Conclusions:

half of the neuromonitored patients presented jugular vein gulf saturation within normal parameters with 50%. The most practiced operation was the evacuation of subdural hematomas with 29.4%.

Palabras clave : craniocerebral trauma; tomography spiral computed; neurosurgical procedures.

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