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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824

Resumen

ALFONSO ALFONSO, Yaissel et al. Characterization of risk factors in patients with ischemic heart disease. Hospital "Martires del 9 de abril", period 2016-2017. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.4, pp.862-878.  Epub 30-Ago-2019. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction:

cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in most of the countries. The risk factors for coronary disease are described as unmodifiable: age, sex and family history; and modifiable related to lifestyle: smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, abusive use of alcohol and hypertensive disease.

Objective:

to characterize the risk factors associated to ischemic heart disease in secondary health care.

Material and methods:

observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study in patients admitted in "Mártires del 9 de Abril" Hospital, Sagua la Grande, between 2016 and 2017. The sample consisted of 96 patients admitted with a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. Their demographic characteristics were described; the risk factors were identified and the frequency of association of other clinical forms of atheromatosis was determined.

Results:

the patients were aged more than 60 years; most of them were white people and had family pathological antecedents of ischemic heart disease; the main forms of ischemic heart disease were angina and heart failure; all patients showed one or more cardiovascular risk factors being arterial hypertension, smoking, increase of abdominal circumference and type A personality the most significant ones.

Conclusions:

the majority of patients showed alterations in the electrocardiogram: ST segment decrease, His bundle left branch blockage and atrial fibrillation; hypertriglyceridemia was observed and there was an association between chronic kidney disease and angina.

Palabras clave : cardiovascular disease; coronary disease; epidemiology; atheromatosis; risk factors.

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