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Revista Médica Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1684-1824

Resumen

GARCIA MARTI, Cosme Damián et al. Use of autologous bone grafts and biomaterials in patients with alveolar atrophy.Matanzas. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.6, pp.1424-1437.  Epub 31-Dic-2019. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction:

autogenous and autologous bone grafts are the elective material for replacing bones lost by trauma, congenital or acquired pathologic processes and atrophy.

Objective:

to characterize patients with atrophic rims needing rehabilitation in oral grafting as an alternative treatment in the Maxilla-Facial Surgery consultation of the University Hospital “Faustino Perez” and the Clinic “III Congreso del PCC”, municipality of Matanzas, from September 2014 to July 2016.

Materials and Methods:

longitudinal prospective study. The universe was 20 patients aged 18 years and older, males and females, who presented the diagnosis of partial lack of teeth and alveolar atrophy. The symptoms and signs characterizing this entity were stated by questioning, physical examination and diagnostic means.

Results:

alveolar traumas were the predominant cause of dental lost in male patients aged 18-37 years. The most affected zone was the anterior region of the upper maxilla; bone lost in height and width predominated, and a great number of grafts conserved the alveolar crest.

Conclusions:

the use of biomaterials in the treatment of patients with alveolar atrophy together with bone graft was satisfactory in patients who needed a base support on which to put dental grafts.

Palabras clave : autologous bone grafts; biomaterials; alveolar atrophy; reconstructive surgery.

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